BB Veggie Tue, 27 Sep 2022 15:31:22 +0000 en-US hourly 1 BB Veggie 32 32 Upscale apartments and a wood-fired restaurant are coming to Albemarle town center – The Stanly News & Press Tue, 27 Sep 2022 14:55:26 +0000

Upmarket apartments, wood-fired restaurant in Albemarle town center

Posted 10:53 a.m. on Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Renovations are still underway at the Albemarle Hotel, the nearly century-old building that will soon be transformed into The Residences at the Albemarle Hotel. It will feature 29 rental apartments, ranging from 500 to 1,400 square feet, as well as a full-scale restaurant on the first floor.

The seven one-bedroom units on the fourth floor are mostly complete, except for a few items on the punch list, such as doorknobs, which still need to be installed, according to developer Jordan Jones during from a recent site visit to the property.

In addition to the fourth floor units, there will be seven one-bedroom units on the third floor, six one-bedroom units on the second floor, two two-bedroom units and one three-bedroom unit on the first floor, and three one-bedroom units bedroom. units and three two-bedroom units on the ground floor. Each unit will have its own HVAC and washer and dryer.

The second and third floor units are currently being renovated. Jordan, 37, plans to complete the renovations within 75 days. The smallest one-bedroom unit measures 500 square feet while the three-bedroom unit measures 1,630 square feet.

“It’s nothing but a labor of love,” Jones said of the old hotel’s renovation.

One of the bathrooms on the fourth floor. Photo courtesy of Jordan Jones.

A kitchen area on the fourth floor. Photo courtesy of Jordan Jones.

Jones and his Durham-based company Anchor & Pillar purchased the facility in December 2017. Renovations began in spring 2021.

Although he did not grow up in the county, Jones has a special connection to Stanly, as his mother’s family is from Badin. He has fond memories of visiting downtown Albemarle as a child, where the old hotel always stood out for him.

“It’s always been a community I’ve wanted to work in,” Jones said in an interview with The Stanly News & Press last year. “Albemarle has been on my radar and it’s a place I’m very excited to invest in.”

The renovation of the Albemarle Hotel is estimated at nearly $9 million through a combination of private investment and historical tax credit investors.

The property manager is still working on finalizing pricing for each unit, although Jordan said he expects units to start at around $1,000 per month, which will include utilities such as sewer, water and electricity.

Pre-letting has begun, Jones said, and he expects people to move into the property by mid-December. He has received around 260 emails from interested candidates over the past 12 to 16 months, of which around 15% he estimates are from Pfeiffer University students working in downtown Albemarle.

The upscale apartments will feature a variety of design elements, including historically restored windows, which offer stunning downtown views, granite countertops, and kitchen backsplashes. There will also be many amenities such as a fitness center, keyless entry, high-speed internet and a secure parcel management room, where people can pick up what has been delivered to them.

For those interested in the units, they can contact Stanly4Rent at or 704-983-2149.

A new restaurant

Tenants living in the complex won’t have to go far to get something to eat since Christine’s wood fire will be located on the first floor, where the old fireplace used to be.

A wood-fired oven has been purchased in Italy for the restaurant, which will offer dishes ranging from artisan pizzas to a variety of steaks and seafood, owner Ryan Bybee said. He is already looking for ingredients for the menu.

The restaurant will open in early 2023, said Bybee, who is from Cabarrus County but has connections to Stanly. Through his Scratch Made Hospitality group, he operates several restaurants in the area, including Village Corner in Concord and Barcos Food Company in Oriental. He also has an ice cream shop, Churn Buddies, in Concord.

He plans to open two additional restaurants, Kuni’s Kitchen and Barcos Sports & Raw Bar, inside Gibson Mill in Concord.

The restaurant is named after his late grandmother, Stanly native Christine Thomas Barnhardt. He still has several family members in the county.

Bybee was introduced to Jones through a relative, Eddie Shimpock, who was an investor in the project.

“I think the building is amazing,” Bybee said. “It’s in such a cool place.”

There will be approximately 120 seats, including space in the former ballroom that will be reserved for private dinners and special events, such as rehearsal dinners. There will also be a full bar, with seated tables.

Bybee wants Christine’s to be a place where people can be comfortable, no matter the setting.

“We want people to feel like they can come and celebrate birthdays and really important life milestones, but they can also come on a Tuesday night and sit down and enjoy a cozy evening,” said Bybee.

With his casual restaurant concept, he hopes to fill a niche in the city, particularly downtown, “and I feel like there’s a place for that here.”

Cerealism | New cereal bar and cafe open in Old Sacramento Tue, 27 Sep 2022 02:28:00 +0000 Cerealism Cafe plans to “bring morning vibes to your everyday life” by taking your favorite cereal and turning it into food.

SACRAMENTO, Calif. – A new cafe in Old Sacramento will soon serve all your favorite cereals and sweets.

Cerealism Cafe plans to “bring morning vibes to your everyday life” by taking your favorite cereal and turning it into food.

With over 75 cereal options, guests can enjoy a simple bowl of cereal or you can mix and match, add any of the 50 available toppings, choose and customize your milk and milk flavors, and even turn it into a bowl of ice cream. or a milkshake served in a milk carton.

They also serve grain toast, grain sushi, grain tacos, etc. However, if your sweet tooth isn’t so sweet, Cerealism also offers keto-friendly cereal, overnight oats, and fresh fruit from the local farmers’ market for toppings.

There are four bedrooms, all with a different theme. Eat your sweet treats in Toucan Sam’s Froot Loop room, Captain Crunch Island Beach Club room, Lucky Charms room, or even the Super Mario room where you can watch vintage cartoons, and play board games and video games .

“I wanted to develop a space that, while we’re paying homage to cereal, you should be able to be immersed in that particular brand of cereal no matter where you’re sitting,” said owner Laterica Reddix-Espinoza.

12 years ago, Reddix-Espinoza was with her sister reminiscing about their childhood and explaining to their children how Saturdays were the best days for them.

“Saturday morning was an event,” Reddix-Espinoza said. “It was something to look forward to. You didn’t wake your mom, you went to get your bowl of cereal and watched cartoons. We didn’t have that 24-hour cartoon experience. , it was something you were expecting just on Saturday.”

After dreaming about it for years, Reddix-Espinoza made his dreams come true and started creating it.

In 2019, Cerealism was selected as one of the top five finalists in the Calling All Dreamers competition in downtown Sacramento. From there, Reddix-Espinoza took all the information she learned and all the support she received and officially secured her spot at 128 K Street in Old Sacramento.

“It was a challenge,” Reddix-Espinoza said. “It was hard to get funding and it didn’t come without a lot of no’s and a lot of closed doors. But no one can stop a vision, no one can stop your dreams. It was a lot of hard work. not to do it, but it worked.”

Reddix-Espinoza also mentioned that she sells an immersive experience by targeting Millennials and Gen Z because she feels they understand content creation.

“Sacramento needs space for Gen Z,” Reddix-Espinoza said. “We have some of the best restaurants in the world here in Sacramento, but I just think some areas lack creativity. We don’t have places for a younger crowd to go and hang out, so I really wanted this space be reflective of that and I wanted to create an environment where young people can be comfortable.”

After years of work, its creation is almost complete. Cerealism plans to fully open in October 2022 and is currently looking for people to hire.

For those interested in creating content and working at Cerealism, you can send your information and resume to

For further updates, you can follow them on Instagram at @cerealismsac or on Tik Tok at @cerealism_.

WATCH MORE ON ABC10: Sacramento’s Farm-to-Fork Festival wraps up

Vegan chicken chain project Pollo recruits former McDonald’s CEO to reach 100 locations by 2025 Mon, 26 Sep 2022 18:57:56 +0000

Vegan chicken chain Project Pollo is on a mission to bankrupt Chick-fil-A, and former McDonald’s CEO Steve Easterbook is helping it get closer to that goal.

Easterbrook’s recent investment in Project Pollo marks the close of the channel’s latest funding round. The former McDonald’s CEO, who left the fast food giant in 2019, is also joining the vegan fast food chain as a direct adviser to Project Pollo founder and CEO Lucas Bradbury.

“We aim to be the leader in plant-based restoration, especially [in] quick-service restaurants,” Bradbury said in a statement. “[Easterbrook] adds world-class value, and as a direct advisor to the CEO, I know he will help me become the leader I am capable of becoming.

Project Pollo

Easterbrook, who was named CEO of McDonald’s in 2015, is credited with revitalizing the global chain after years of slumping sales under his predecessor, Don Thompson. As CEO, Easterbrook introduced the self-service kiosks now found at McDonald’s locations across the country.

Prior to assuming his role as CEO, Easterbrook served as the head of McDonald’s UK, eventually becoming the global head of the McDonald’s brand. During his time at the UK division of the fast food chain, Easterbrook oversaw the addition of healthier menu items, ushered in a modern revamp of the chain’s locations and revamped employee training.

Beyond his work with McDonald’s, Easterbrook has experience in restaurant expansion. In 2011 Easterbrook temporarily left McDonald’s for a role with UK chain PizzaExpress, where he oversaw an expansion from 400 locations to around 600. This skill and experience will come in handy for the Pollo project as the chain seeks to expand its operations to 100 stores by 2025.

VegNews.ProjectPolloProject Pollo

“It’s important that we work alongside talented investors and institutions who have been where we are going,” says Bradbury. “Part of our success is shortening the learning curve and learning from a variety of talents who share our mission of providing affordable access to plant-based foods for everyone.”

The rapid expansion of the Pollo project

Founded just two years ago amid the global pandemic, Project Pollo currently operates 15 locations across the state of Texas. The rapid expansion of the vegan fast food chain can be attributed to Bradbury’s quick thinking and commitment to the plant-based lifestyle.

After learning of the countless fast-food chains closing more and more locations permanently due to COVID-19, Bradbury began securing long-term leases at a reduced cost. The vegan entrepreneur knew he wanted to bring plant-based fast food options to the masses, and he quickly got to work opening locations across Texas.


Although he walks away from shark tank earlier this year without an investment deal, Bradbury continued to make progress by taking the Pollo project national, opening five new venues since the Sharks launched. Locations in Phoenix, AZ; Las Vegas, Nevada; Denver, Colorado; and Nashville and Memphis, TN are already in the works. Additionally, franchise-owned locations could arrive in the Northeast, where the company is talking with interested parties.

The future of fast food is vegan

The rise of the Pollo project is proof of the takeover of fast food by veganism. Increasingly, traditional fast-food chains, such as McDonald’s, Burger King and Carl’s Jr., are adding vegan items to their restaurant menus.

Apart from traditional fast food, all-vegan fast food restaurants are also on the rise.

“I see a future in plant-based consumption,” Easterbrook said in a statement. “By seizing the opportunity to partner with emerging leaders like Project Pollo, we are able to learn from global experiences and connect them to real-time solutions for the brand.”

The Pollo project is the latest factory investment for Easterbrook. This summer, Easterbrook invested in Clean Kitchen Club, a UK-based quick-service vegan restaurant founded by YouTube star Mikey Pearce and reality TV star Verity Bowditch.

And Easterbrook isn’t the only fast-food veteran betting on the plant-based takeover of the industry.

Chef Mike Salem, former head of culinary innovation at Burger King, helped push veganism into the mainstream by putting the Impossible Whopper on the chain’s menu. Today, Salem is working with Hart House, a new vegan quick-service restaurant founded by actor and comedian Kevin Hart, to transform the fast-food industry as we know it.

VegNews.MikeSalem.HartHouseHart House

Former Popeyes and Wendy’s chef Chris Johnson is another fast food veteran leading the industry into a plant-based future. Johnson, who specializes in product development, is now working with vegan chicken startup Today. During his time at Wendy’s, Johnson was exposed to plant-based meats and credits that experience for helping him understand the potential of vegan meats for mainstream consumers.

For the latest vegan news, read:
Dow futures drop 200 points as British pound hits record high against dollar Mon, 26 Sep 2022 10:59:00 +0000

Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange during morning trading on September 06, 2022 in New York City.

Michael M. Santiago | Getty Images

U.S. stock futures fell on Monday as soaring interest rates and foreign currency turmoil threatened to push the S&P 500 to a new closing low for the year.

Dow Jones Industrial Average futures fell 210 points, or 0.7%. S&P 500 futures lost 0.7%. Nasdaq 100 futures lost 0.6%.

The British pound fell to a record low on Monday against the US dollar. The British pound at one point fell 4% to an all-time low of $1.0382. The Federal Reserve’s aggressive bullish campaign, coupled with the UK tax cuts announced last week, pushed the US dollar higher. The euro has hit its lowest level against the dollar since 2002. A rise in the greenback can hurt the profits of US multinationals and also wreak havoc on global trade, much of which is traded in dollars.

“Such strength in the US dollar has historically led to some sort of financial/economic crisis,” Michael Wilson, Morgan Stanley’s chief US equity strategist, wrote in a note. “If there was a time to be on the lookout for something to break, this would be it.”

Stocks ended a brutal week on Friday, with the blue-chip Dow Jones finding a new intraday low for the year and closing down 486 points. The broad-market S&P 500 temporarily broke below its June closing low and ended down 1.7%. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite lost 1.8%.

Traders will be watching the S&P 500 closely on Monday for any break below its bear market low. The S&P’s lowest close for the year in June was 3,666.77. It closed Friday at 3,693.23 after briefly trading below that close. The benchmark’s intraday low for the year is 3,636.87. Any trades below these levels could lead to more selling in the market.

Another high-profile rate hike by the Federal Reserve last week was the catalyst for the markets’ latest leg down. The central bank has indicated that it may raise rates to as high as 4.6% before pulling out. Forecasts also show that the Fed’s plans will be aggressive this year, raising rates to 4.4% before the end of 2022.

Bond yields climbed after the Fed decreed another rate hike of 75 basis points. Yields on 2- and 10-year Treasury bills hit highs not seen in more than a decade. On Friday, Goldman Sachs cut its year-end target for the S&P 500 to 3,600 from 4,300.

Rates jumped again on Monday with the 2-year Treasury note rising above 4.29%.

What is a “Kitchen Appreciation Fee”? Why does this restaurant in NJ charge customers extra? Sun, 25 Sep 2022 11:00:00 +0000

Shanti and Steve Mignogna knew they had to do something.

Costs at Talula’s, their popular Asbury Park pizzeria, have soared due to inflation – a scourge felt across the restaurant industry. Basic ingredients like flour, canned tomatoes, cheese, oil and cold cuts were all 30-40% more expensive than usual. Take-out supplies, such as pizza boxes, were also more expensive. Even the price of gas for their pizza oven has gone up 60%.

“We had to quickly figure out how to cover these costs? said Steve Mignogna. “Because otherwise we’re not going to make any money, and you can’t run a business if it’s not making any money.”

The Mignognas considered raising menu prices dramatically, but landed on a more original idea: a 3.5% surcharge for “kitchen appreciation fees” added to the end of each bill at Talula. The policy has been in effect since January, but recently caught the eye of an Asbury Park Facebook group.

“So when did restaurants in Asbury start charging a 3.50% kitchen appreciation fee,” the post asked, including a photo of a recent Talula’s bill. The thread generated nearly 700 comments, with some calling the charges unfair and others defending Talula’s decision.

The discussion comes at a time when restaurants and customers are feeling the pressure and frustration of high inflation for 40 years and some diners are already reconsidering how often they eat out.

The policy is listed on the Talula’s menu and has been advertised on the restaurant’s website. The owner also had conversations with the staff about how to speak to customers if they had any questions. Talula’s says the policy has not only been a major boon to business, but has mostly been welcomed by customers at the Cookman Avenue restaurant.

“We really haven’t had any hindsight on this. I don’t really think anyone complained,” Steve Mignogna said. “Once in a while someone just wanted to know what it was, and we were able to explain it to them.”

The implementation of the surcharge not only kept Talula in business. This allowed the restaurant to give employees a raise without tipping, which the owners say would not have been possible otherwise. Kitchen salaries have increased by an average of 20% thanks to the policy.

“Covering food costs is one thing, but we also wanted to give everyone in the kitchen a big raise because they needed it.” said Steve Mignogna. “Life in Asbury has skyrocketed, rent has gone up 50%.”

Talula opted for a supplement in part because they say it’s cheaper for the customer than increasing each menu item by as much as the food cost has increased. They also felt safe enforcing the policy because they’ve seen restaurants around Asbury Park and across the state add surcharges with a different name — credit card fees.

Manager Nick Boyce checks the online order at Bagels by Jarrett. The West Orange take-out restaurant charges a fee for credit card orders, which is becoming more common throughout New Jersey as restaurant costs rise. Ed Murray | NJ Advance Media for

Credit card companies have always charged restaurants a fee to allow them to accept payment by credit. Restaurants usually collect this fee. But with rising costs, more and more people in New Jersey are asking customers to cover it.

James Avery, the owner of The Bonney Read and The Black Swan Public House in Asbury Park, said he paid $80,000 last year in credit card charges. It now charges a 2.5% surcharge if customers pay by credit card and follow the policy.

“It’s very simple, 95% of restaurant transactions are now done by credit card. When you look at that fee, it’s a salary and a half in most cases,” Avery said. “If you choose a payment method that costs me more, I will pass that cost on to people who choose to use it for payment.”

It’s not just sit-down restaurants that are implementing similar policies. Jarrett Seltzer, the owner of Bagels by Jarrett bagel shop and take-out restaurant in West Orange, had been debating a similar strategy for some time. After talking with friends in the industry and realizing that he was among the last companies not to charge credit card payments, he decided to install a 3% fee when paying by card.

“It doesn’t hit the customer that hard, it’s not something that costs $20 to $25,” Seltzer said. “I hate doing this because it feels cheap and picky, but it’s a way for me to keep my other expenses reasonable.”

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Jeremy Schneider can be reached at and followed on Twitter at @J_Schneider and on Instagram at @JeremyIsHungryAgain.

place where women can pray, take a break and party Sun, 25 Sep 2022 02:00:57 +0000

Shaista Fatima/ New Delhi

It was in 2016 that Atia told her future husband, Fraheem, “Listen…I’m going to rent a space in the Batla House market for women to offer namaz.” Fraheem supported the idea. “It’s doable but maybe not sustainable,” he replied.

Atia and Fraheem got married in 2018 and the idea of ​​having a private space in a public environment for women has only grown stronger over time.

Sunday long read

Today, Burqa-clad Atiya says, “Shopping is a daunting task for Muslim women, as we tend to miss the call to prayer due to ever-changing timings and lack of mosques for they can pray”.

Interestingly, it was during the covid-19 induced lockdown that helped the couple see their dream come true. “Sheeru – a cafe for women only” was born.

Located in Delhi’s predominantly Muslim neighborhood in Jamia Nagar’s Batla House shopping mall, this cafe is a beacon of hope for many women who find it difficult to sit and eat with and next to men.

Bushra, a housewife, says: “I came here for the first time and I love this place…I can offer my prayers here, breastfeed my child and just sit and eat without any male gaze.. .It’s peaceful….”

A woman praying inside Sheeru Cafe

Batla House is a mini Chandini Chowk where aisles and aisles are filled with women of all ages, “We launched our first outlet on July 9th and Alhamdulillah (thank goodness) the response has been pretty good…this what surprises me is that it’s the friends who visit the shop”, explains Atia.

Atia says the cafe is usually full of girls who go to school and college until the afternoon, it’s the housewives and older women who throng in the evenings.

The menu at this ladies-only cafe is simple. Atia says, “From now on, pizza is everyone’s favorite dish, next comes burger and coffee is the staple…we’re trying to understand the taste buds of the masses…”

Atia’s parents – her father is an orthopedic surgeon – moved to Saudi Arabia after she was born.

“I have been oscillating between Delhi and Arabia since my childhood. According to my mother, I have this inevitable love for Delhi and maybe that is why I am the only one among my brothers and sisters who has stayed here… »

Party time for women at Sheeru Cafe

So, is Sheeru inspired by Saudi Arabia’s women-only cafes or mosques? To this, Atia replies: “Well, somewhere, yes… but I strongly believe that the presence of women should be felt and recognized in all sectors…”

In an article Whose fault is it that I missed my prayers? Muhammad Raziul Islam Nadvi raised the issue of women missing their prayers while shopping or being away from home.

Atia, 30, is an architect by profession. She works as a designer at a company called Minimal Muslim, while her husband Fraheem, 32, runs the cafe. Atia takes care of the design and social media platforms for Sheeru Cafe.

Beautiful interiors of Sheeru Cafe

“My architectural background helped me a lot in building this space, from decorating to printing menu cards and brochures for promotions.

On the day Sheeru opened, she says, “It was the day before Bakr-Eid… and I felt like I needed a customer or two, so I went down to the street and distributed leaflets. We had about 9-10 customers that day, especially late at night around 10-11…I was amazed…it was beyond my expectation…”

A women-only cafe is a risky business idea and it took tremendous courage to take this step. Atiya says, “Even back home, the old people said you can’t have a business just for women, aurtein bahar khana nai khati hain (women hardly go out to eat), actually in mosques too there is no place for us women to sit, relax and offer our prayers.

Atia says it’s not just about prayers. A woman goes through many problems, from cramps during her period to breastfeeding. She says, “I believe contemporary times require contemporary solutions…I want Sheeru to be a must-stop for all women, regardless of age or religion…”

Female customers enjoying a meal inside Sheeru Cafe

Now, after running it for three months, Sheeru sees steady attendance from women, but it was no easy task: “We’re not street smart yet…while doing our promotions, we have encountered many problems, many pitfalls, a poster, and a banner that took hours to make and then put up in eye-catching areas was shot down by rickshaw pullers and turned into their covers, we got away with it therefore stuck to brochures as a mode of advertising…” Atia told Awaz-The Voice. as she laughed out loud.

Today, social media such as Twitter and Instagram are a go-to choice for young entrepreneurs like Atia and Fraheem to promote their businesses and Sheeru Cafe is none the less: “Slow and slow we are getting good clientele, we let’s get a lot of referrals… almost every day i can see the post being shared, info on instagram and twitter is increasing day by day…”

Atia says there is a lot of excitement among the young people, “The reactions Sheeru Cafe is getting range from a naqabi woman (veiled woman) to those without a head covering. Religion is also not a barrier there. I thought, why notnaqabi women are interested… but they are.

Speaking of women’s safety, she says, “During my bachelor’s degree, I was totally interested in public spaces and wanted to do my master’s in urban design. Reading about urban studies, I realized there was no concept of spaces for women and children, which is so surprising and disappointing…”

Sheeru is currently managed by a four-person team which includes Fraheem, Atia, Nahida and Sania. In due course, Atiya and Farheem hope to establish Sheeru cafes at other locations in the locality and beyond to Lajpat Nagar and other markets in Delhi, Lucknow, Aligarh and Hyderabad.

The Sheeru Cafe poster

Sheeru is more than a business for the couple. “This is more of a service than a business, our doors are open to women of all identities…they say when you’re bored that’s when you have the greatest idea, so everyone the artists there, whenever in a creative block, come here and work in a bonhomie cafe…”

Atia believes that there is a disparity in the treatment of the basic rights of men and women, she says: “When it comes to women, moral policing is often at its peak, but the basic details are often Today the rules are created to fit the personal agenda of the social hierarchy and therefore there is a need for justice…I think Sheeru is an attempt on our part to make women feel that their presence counts…”

It didn’t take long for Sheeru to bond with her customers, Atia says: “Nahida told me that the other day the mother of a crying baby came to the cafe and nursed her child with the promise of come back one day with free time….I told Nahida not to ask these women to order anything…women who need to relax are more than welcome here…”

READ ALSO : Whose fault is it that I missed my prayers?

Atia says this cafe is more of a service, “I want Sheeru to become a center for women for everything… I see this place as a place for women where they can move and talk about their issues, I so want that women in this area to come out and speak for themselves, from political events to cultural events to literary events, I want to organize them all… I strongly feel that change will only come when there are local organizations to support the cause and I feel if you want to do it, you will end up doing it….

Taking Action to Fight Obesity in San Joaquin County Sat, 24 Sep 2022 14:02:17 +0000

As popular fast-food chains such as Raising Cane’s and In-N-Out continue to open stores and thrive on hungry stomachs in the North San Joaquin County District, the combined rate of overweight and obesity soared to over 65% of the local population. , a historic high.

By focusing on certain priority communities and engaging with the community to address the socioeconomic and ethnic disparities that are driving the obesity epidemic, it is not too late to reverse the rate. Exceeding California’s obesity rate by almost 7%, San Joaquin County Public Health has launched numerous initiatives to promote active and healthier lifestyles for all members of their community.

Rising obesity rates in San Joaquin County can be attributed to widespread risk factors such as lack of access to care, food insecurity, and mental and behavioral health. In San Joaquin County’s 2022 Community Health Assessment, the areas were identified as priority neighborhoods recognizing the need to address socioeconomic disparities, transportation, housing, and climate issues, among others. factors.